As an Application Support Engineer or a Lead Developer, you are supposed to save the day when things hit the fan. But this is easier said than done. I’ve dealt with these issues on a daily basis for couple of decades. In any enterprise application, there are 4 major subsystems that cause performance degradation or outage. Even though the Application platforms have drastically changed in the past few years, these 4 subsystems still make up majority (if not all) of the issues. Understanding this obvious, yet often overlooked fact, you will be able to ask intelligent questions during troubleshooting.
Without further due, here are those:
- Application Serving Platform (typically an Application Server or PAAS)
- Backend Database or other Remote service(s) that your application depends on
- The Operating System that hosts the Application
- Application Code
And no, Network is NOT one of the major subsystems to point finger at. That is not to say that Network issues do not occur at all. But in practice, I would look at Network when all other suspects have been eliminated.
Also note that the 4 subsystems listed are not in any order. That is, they all have equal chances of being the culprit.
Image: 4 Subsystems responsible for Application stability
(C) Karun Subramanian
By default, AppDynamics captures tons of useful metrics from your java application. Average response time of your Applications, JDBC response times, Throughput, Heap and Garbage Collection Metrics etc. In addition, AppDynamics automatically captures Transaction Snapshots (that provide deep diagnostics) periodically and during slow response times. The snapshots will reveal the hotspots up to the method level.
But at times, you may want to monitor a particular method for performance metrics. For example, you may want to know how often a method named ‘cancelOrder’ is called and how long it takes to process. For requirements like this, AppDynamics provides a neat way of instrumenting your java method – Information Points.
To configure a new Information Point, navigate to Analyze -> Information Points. Click on the New button at the top.
One of the major uses of an APM such as AppDynamics is the ability to collect application data at method level. For example, let’s say you have a method named processOrder in your code that accepts OrderID and Username as parameters. What if you want to capture the Username as part of the performance metrics ? This can be extremely valuable, for instance, to identify which user could be submitting orders that are very slow to process. In AppDynamics, you can achieve this by using Data Collectors. In this blog post, let me show you how it is done.
- Log on to AppDynamics Controller UI
- Navigate to Configuration -> Instrumentation and click Data Collector tab
- You have two types of Data Collectors to choose from
- Method Data Collector – Captures method arguments and return values.
- HTTP Data Collector – Captures URLs, Headers and Cookies
- Click on Add under the Method Data Collector
- Configure the Method Data Collector as follows
- Name: Provide a meaningful name for this Data Collector
- Select Apply to new Business Transactions. If you don’t select this, you have to manually select the Business Transactions.
- Provide the method signature (identifying a method) by its fully qualified class name and method name.
- If the method is overloaded, i.e the same method name with various arguments, you need to select Is this Method Overloaded check box and choose the method signature you want to monitor
- Optionally specify match condition to choose the method
- Under Specify the data to collect from this Method Invocation, enter a display name (this is the name that will show up in Transaction Snapshots under User Data) and the data to collect. You can collect method arguments and/or return values
- Note that you can also configure HTTP Data Collector if you wish you capture HTTP metadata such as URLs, Cookies and Header values.
Remember how Adobe (Macromedia) Flash created such a buzz and ruled the world for over a decade ? While websites created with HTML/CSS/CGI looked like beat-up Kia, websites created with Flash looked like brand new Mercedes Benz. A complete industry was born after Flash animation. Alas, Flash is destined to die due to the enormous amount of security vulnerabilities and Performance issues. While I’m sad that Flash is going away, that is the reality in this fast-paced Information Era. Only the fittest survive. And we are about to see if Java EE is fit enough.
Image Source: oracle.com
In this free ebook, I introduce 9 free tools that can be life savers in managing Java Applications. These tools have been time tested, reliable and have helped countless Application Support Engineers and Developers. They DO WORK. These tools can be used to solve problems ranging from ‘Out Of Memory’ errors to ‘Slow’ Applications.
Do you know the single biggest reason why some APMs fail? Do you know what you have to do first before you even begin evaluating various APM solutions? Do you know the hidden cost in any APM system?
Selecting an APM solution can be tedious task. In this free 18 pages ebook, I present 9 criteria to choose a reliable APM with highest ROI. I’ve derived these criteria based on years of experience in supporting Application infrastructure of various sizes. These criteria will help you clearly understand what exactly you should be looking for in any potential APM solution. You will be ready to ask the right questions when you meet with the APM vendor and will not be caught off guard later.
Enjoy the ebook and Good Luck.
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Glad you are here. It’s time to take a deeper look at all the various monitoring metrics that AppDynamics provides. We have so far done the following:
- Installed AppDynamics Controller
- Installed a sample application (Node.js,REST and mysql) and installed appdynamics agent
- Ensured the application shows up in the controller UI.
Note that we have not customized any monitoring elements yet. i.e whatever we are going to see is out-of-the box, which is one of the coolest things about AppDynamics. Let’s start.
How to view the Flow Map of the Application ?
Application flow map provides an excellent view of the data flow of the application. AppDynamics automatically tracks all the inbound and outbound calls of the instrumented application and attempts to draw this flow map. It is like an interactive Visio Diagram of the application infrastructure architecture that you did not create. (AppDynamics created it for you). Let’s take a look at the Flow Map of the sample application we have instrumented.